University of Göttingen.
Göttingen is a city that revolves around its university, a sort of German Cambridge or Oxford. Founded in 1734 by George II, King of Great Britain and Elector of Hanover, the University of Göttingen quickly became one of the most prestigious universities in Germany, spawning some 45 Nobel laureates.
Famous alumni and academics include Carl Friedrich Gauss, the Brothers Grimm, Max Planck, Werner Heisenberg, Arthur Schopenhauer, Otto von Bismarck, J. P. Morgan, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and former Chancellor Gerhard Schröder.
The town itself is pleasant enough and dotted with a few nice timber-framed buildings competing for the visitor's attention with neoclassical university buildings and medieval churches. But Göttingen's historical centre suffered from WWII like other German cities and it has lost its architectural homogeneity and authenticity.
Old town hall and market square, Göttingen.
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