The strategic position of Besançon (pop. 117,000) in a meander of the Doubs River made it an important settlement since the Roman era. Its citadel, built by Vauban, is one of the largest in Europe.
Besaçon was the first 'green city' of France and is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site. The city was the birthplace of Victor Hugo and the Lumière brothers.
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