Départment de la Somme
The Somme is a department of the Picardie region, and owes its name to the river of the same name.
It has a surface area of 6,170 km², a population of 555,000 inhabitants, and is divided into four administrative districts (arrondissements in French) for a total of 46 cantons and 782 municipalities.
It borders (clockwise from the North) the departments of the Pas-de-Calais, Nord, Aisne, Oise and Seine-Maritime.
In ancient times, the Oise belonged to the Roman Province of Gallia Belgica. Conquered by Clovis in 486, the region became part of the Frankish Empire. After the Treaty of Verdun (843), the region became part of Western Francia, later called simply "France". In feudal times, the western part of the Somme made up the County of Ponthieu.
A minority of people still speak the Picard language, one of th langues d'oïl descending from the Old French spoken by the Franks (=> see main article).
Abbey of Valloires