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Genetic analysis of Ancient Greece

Author: Maciamo Hay (last update : March 2021)




Dodecad K12b admixtures of ancient Greece

Lazaridis et al. (2017) tested the genomes of 10 Minoan and 4 Mycenaean individuals.

Note: You can check the location, carbon dating and haplogroups of any sample in the AmtDB database.

Minoan Civilization

Sample ID Gedrosia Siberia NW Africa SE Asia Atlantic Med North Europe South Asia East Africa SW Asia East Asia Caucasus Sub-Saharan Africa
I0071 0.49 0.00 3.07 0.00 37.80 0.67 0.00 0.00 13.01 0.00 44.93 0.03
I0070 0.00 0.00 1.28 0.51 37.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 15.36 0.00 45.71 0.00
I0073 0 0 3.39 0.38 35.55 0 0 0 13.26 0 47.43 0
I0074 0.41 0 4.34 0 39.06 0 0 0 12.7 0 43.49 0
I9005 1.52 0 5.68 0 37.33 0 0 0 16.14 0 39.25 0.08
I9127 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 40.48 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.75 0.00 54.78 0.00
I9128 3.72 0.51 3.62 0 53.24 0 0 0 14.12 2.88 21.92 0
I9129 0 0 6.66 0.00 43.44 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.86 0.00 37.93 0.00
I9130 1.1 0 0 0 43.1 0 0 0 17.55 0 38.25 0
I9131 5.16 0 0 0 36.32 0 0 0 19.19 0 39.01 0.33
Minoan Modal 1.24 0.05 2.80 0.09 40.35 0.07 0.00 0.00 13.79 0.29 41.27 0.04

Mycenaean Civilization

Sample ID Gedrosia Siberia NW Africa SE Asia Atlantic Med North Europe South Asia East Africa SW Asia East Asia Caucasus Sub-Saharan Africa
I9006 4.14 0 1.89 0.00 36.48 4.77 0.00 0.00 8.08 1.19 43.45 0.00
I9010 0 0 3.52 1.43 38.53 7.73 0.00 0.65 13.96 0.00 34.19 0.00
I9033 1.33 1.22 3.4 0 40.19 9.1 0.52 0 7.58 0.48 33.22 2.96
I9041 2.87 0 2.57 0 37.48 8.67 0 0.36 10.29 0 37.52 0.24
Mycenaean Modal 2.09 0.31 2.85 0.36 38.17 7.57 0.13 0.25 9.98 0.42 37.10 0.80

Comparison with modern populations

Using the Minoan and Mycenaean Greek modal admixtures above and comparing them with the Dodecad K12b averages for modern populations on Vahaduo, here are the list of the most similar modern populations. Note that no modern population has a genetic distance lower than 10, so none of them are a close match.

Minoan Modal

  • Sephardic Jews : 16.6
  • Sicilians : 16.9
  • Moroccan Jews : 17.8
  • Italian Jews : 18.7

Mycenaean Modal

  • Sicilians : 10.1
  • Central Italians : 11.7
  • Italians from Campania : 12.7
  • Italians from Calabria : 13.5
  • Italians from Tuscany : 13.8
  • Sephardic Jews : 14.3
  • Italians from Abruzzo : 14.4
  • Greeks from Icaria : 14.6
  • Italian Jews : 14.7
  • Ashkenazi Jews : 14.8

Follow-up

Find out the latest studies and discuss them on the Ancient DNA Forum.



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