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Ecological Maps of Europe

Ecological food choices

Percentage of organic agriculture (Eurostat 2018)

This map is based on the data from Eurostat for 2018. Organic argiculture does not use chemicals that are harmful for health and for the environment.

Map of organic agriculture in Europe



Consumption of Fairtrade products per capita (2015)

This map was made using data from FiBL-AMI survey 2017. Fairtrade products promotes sustainable development thanks to higher social and environmental standards in developing countries. Buying Fairtrade coffee, cocoa and bananas in particular help preserving the tropical rainforest and its biodiversity and reduce global warming.

Map of consumption of Fairtrade products per capita in Europe



Recycling

Municipal waste recycling rates in Europe (Eurostat 2018)

This map was made using data from Eurostat (2018) and other sources.

Map of recycling rates in Europe



Packaging waste recovery rate (Eurostat 2017)

This map was made using data from Eurostat for 2017. The recovery rate is the recycling rate + 'energy recovery' and ‘incineration with energy recovery’.

Map of packaging waste recovery rates in Europe



Energy & Pollution

Renewable energy as percentage of primary energy supply (OECD 2018)

This map is based on the data from OECD for 2018.

Map of renewable energy rates in Europe



Solar energy as percentage of total consumption

This map is based on the data from Wikipedia for 2019 and other sources. Solar power is only one of several sources of renewable energy. Despite its high potential in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern countries, it is still very underexploited in many countries.

Map of solar energy share in Europe



Average age of vehicle fleet (2018)

This map was made using data from ACEA (2018) and other sources. The automobile industry has been reducing carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions steadily on new car models year after year. This is why newer cars generally not only pollute less but also cause less global warming than older models.

Map of age of cars by country in Europe



Petrol (gasoline) consumption per capita in litres per day (2016)

This map is based on the data from Global Petrol Prices for 2016.

Map of petrol (gasoline) consumption per capita in litres in and around Europe



Percentage of deaths due to air pollution (2017)

This map is based on the data from Our World in Data for 2017.

Map showing the percentage of deaths from air pollution in and around Europe



Natural gas consumption per capita in cubic metres per year (2019)

This map is based on the data from CIA World Factbook for 2019.

Map of natural gas consumption per capita in m3 in and around Europe



Carbon dioxide emissions in tonnes per capita per year (EDGAR 2018)

This map is based on the data from Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) for 2018.

Map of CO2 emissions per capita in and around Europe



Beef consumption per capita in kg per year (2013)

This map is based on the data from Our World in Data for 2013. About 9% of global greenhouse gas emissions are caused by the methane emitted from cattle flatulence. Additionally, large swathes of the Amazon rainforest are being destroyed (usually burned) to expand cattle ranching. Tropical deforestation itself is responsible for 10% of global warming, and about half of it comes from the Amazon region. In other words, nearly 15% of total greenhouse has emissions are caused directly or indirectly by cattle farming. To put this in perspective, the aviation industry is responsible for "only" 3.5% of global greenhouse gas emissions. This is why reducing beef consumption is an essential step in fighting climate change. The world's biggest beef eaters by far are the Argentinians, Brazilians, Americans and Australians.

Map of beef consumption per capita in and around Europe



Ecological footprint per person in global hectares (gha) ((2016)

This map is based on the data from Global Footprint Network for 2016. Global hectares (gha) are the measurement unit for the ecological footprint of people or activities and the biocapacity of the earth or its regions. A global hectare is a biologically productive hectare (2.471 acres) with world average biological productivity for a given year.

Map of ecological footprint per person in gha in and around Europe



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