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List of national birds and flowers or plants of European countries

National symbols are common all over the world. Birds and flowers are some of the most popular symbol associated with a country. Note that birds and plants listed below are all officially recognised unless otherwise mentioned.

National birds

Austria : Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)
Belgium : Common Kestrel (falco tinnunculus)
Denmark : Mute Swan (Cygnus olor)
Estonia : Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)
France : Rooster (Gallus gallus)
Finland : Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus)
Germany : White Stork (Ciconia ciconia)
Hungary : Great Bustard (Otis tarda)
Iceland : Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus)
Latvia : White Wagtail (Motacilla alba)
Lithuania : White Stork (Ciconia ciconia)
Luxembourg : Goldcrest (Regulus regulus)
Malta : Blue Rock Thrush (Monticola solitarius)
Norway : Dipper (Cinclus cinclus)
Poland : White-tailed Sea-eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla)
Romania : White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus)
Sweden : Eurasian Blackbird (Turdus merula)
United Kingdom : European Robin (Erithacus rubecula)

Note that Austria and Estonia have the same national bird, and so do Germany and Lithuania. Denmark and Finland both have swans, while Belgium and Iceland have falcons (different species).

National flowers, trees and other plants

Austria : Gentian
Bulgaria : Rose
Denmark : Red Clover
England : Tudor Rose
Estonia : Blue Cornflower
Finland : Lily of the Valley, White Rose
France : Lily (Ancien Régime, until 1789)
Greece : Laurel branch
Iceland : White Dryas (Dryas octopetala)
Ireland : Shamrock (or Trefoil)
Malta : Maltese Rock Centaury
Netherlands : Tulip
Norway : Heather
Portugal : Lavender, Olive leaves
Russia : Camomile
Scotland : Thistle, Scottish Bluebell (Harebell), Heather
Serbia : Plum
Slovenia : Carnation
Switzerland : Edelweiss
Wales : Daffodil, Leek

In addition to national flowers, some countries also have a national tree. England, Estonia, Germany, Italy and Moldova all have the Oak as national tree. Other national trees include the beech (Denmark), the birch (Finland, Russia), the lime (Czech Republic), the Scots Pine (Scotland), the olive (Portugal, Albania), the tilia (Slovenia) and the teraclinis (Malta).

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