1. Maciamo

    Light skin allele of SLC24A5 gene was spread by the Indo-Europeans (R1a + R1b)

    A new paper published by V. Canfield and his colleagues looked into the allele distribution of the SLC24A5 gene, whose A111T (rs1426654) mutation is linked with light skin pigmentation in European, Middle Eastern and Central/South Asian populations. The paper comes just two months after a...
  2. Maciamo

    Retracing the mtDNA haplogroups of the original R1b people

    I have recently proposed a novel theory regarding the origins of haplogroup R1b. I believe that R1b1 (P25) people might have been among the first people to domesticate cattle in eastern Anatolia and northern Mesopotamia/Syria during the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period. I suggested that the P297...
  3. N

    Germanic loanwords in Albanian

    Hello everyone, I recently read Vladimir Orels Albanian Etymological Dictionary. I noticed that there are some Germanic loanwords into Albanian, particularly from Gothic. A few of them are: Akull (ice) Loanword from jakulaz (icicle, glacier) burg (prison, stable)from *burg (borough, fenced)...
  4. Maciamo

    Origins of the Indo-Europeans: the Uruk expansion and Cucuteni-Trypillian culture

    The history of the Indo-Europeans is relatively clear from the Maykop and Yamna periods onwards, as I have described in the R1b and R1a pages on this site. The biggest question marks in my head at the moment are: - When did the R1a and R1b lineages arrive in the Pontic Steppe and North Caucasus...
  5. Maciamo

    Mal'ta boy had autosomal genes present in populations with Y-haplogroups M, P, Q & R

    Mal'ta boy had autosomal genes present in populations with Y-haplogroups M, P, Q & R Two weeks ago, Raghavan et al. published a paper on the genome of an Upper Palaeolithic Siberian individual, known as the Mal'ta boy. It is by far the oldest human genome tested to date. The authors reported...
  6. Kotroman

    Origin of haplogroup R1b in Bosnia

    What R1b-subclade does most of Bosnians belonging to? The Italo-Celtic branch (S28/U152), Balkanic branch R1b-L23 or to the Continental Germanic branch R1b-S21 (U106)? According to this map, 10-15% of Bosniaks in Bosanska Krajina (Northwestern Bosnia) is belonging to the Italo-Celtic branch...
  7. Roi

    filiation of the IE peoples of NW Iberia during the Bronze age

    Hello Maciamo and all eupedia forum users : ) It’s some time now I follow this site which I found very interesting.. I would have a question to pose about a very controversial theme here in my homeland, Galicia: So were there a significative celtic presence down here? for decades, there...
  8. Maciamo

    Why R1b couldn't have been spread around Western Europe by the Bell Beaker people

    Introduction One of the hottest controversies of the last few years in European prehistory and population genetics has been the origins and dispersal of haplogroup R1b. As recently as 2008 almost everybody thought that R1b had been in Western Europe since the Palaeolithic and re-expanded from...
  9. Maciamo

    Kings of France may have been R1b-U106 after all (rather than G2a3b1)

    A new study by Larmuseau et al. (2013) from Leuven University in Belgium (the same team behind the Brabant Y-DNA Project) tested the Y-DNA of three living members of the House of Bourbon, one descending from Louis XIII of France and two from Philip V of Spain (himself a grandson of Louis XIV)...
  10. Maciamo

    Deeper R1b subclade resolution for the Brabant Y-DNA Project (Belgium)

    The Brabant DNA Project, with 1000+ members from all Belgium and a few from bordering areas (especially North Brabant in the Netherlands), has re-tested the Y-DNA of all R1b members for the following subclades. - Under U106: Z18, Z381, L48, and U198 - Under P312: L21/M529 and Z195/Z196 - Under...
  11. Maciamo

    Haplogroup R1b page revised and translated in French

    I have expanded considerably the history of haplogroup R1b, notably the European branches (L21, DF27, S28 and S21), the Balkanic and West Asian branch (L23) and the Central Asian branch (M73). I have also translated the page into French. I am planning to translate the pages about other...
  12. Maciamo

    New distribution map of haplogroup R1b in Eurasia and Africa

    Eupedia is a website about Europe and so far I have limited the distribution maps of haplogroups to Europe and its periphery. But I thought it would be interesting to see the global distribution, especially in Asia since it is linked to the propagation of Indo-European people and languages. It...
  13. Maciamo

    New map of Gedrosian autosomal admixtures in Europe and the Middle East

    I had meant to make this map one and a half years ago, but postponed it then forgot. The Gedrosian admixture of the Dodecad's K=12b is quite interesting because it probably represents an ancestral genetic component linked to the propagation of R1b lineages. In all likelihood haplogroup R...
  14. A

    Any information about Y-DNA subclade R1b1b2a (origin/distribution)?

    I am on a search to identify Italian (mainly Venetian, as well as Genoese and Pisan) genetic lines in the Cypriot population. Italian populations have resided in Cyprus for almost four centuries and some Cypriots claim direct ancestry from those people. According to historical evidence, the...
  15. Maciamo

    New phylogenetic tree of R1b-U106 (S21)

    The R1b-U106 family tree is growing in complexity. The newest lineages at the bottom-right of the tree (under Z7 and Z319) have a TMRCA of barely 1500 years, which means that they roughly date from the time of the Anglo-Saxon migrations or possibly later. Obviously the most developed branches of...
  16. Maciamo

    Analysis of R1b subclades in Scandinavia

    I had a look at the Scandinavian Y-DNA Project (essentially Sweden and Norway) and Denmark DNA Project at FTDNA and counted the members for each subclade of R1b, eliminating members of non-Scandinavian origin and duplicates. Within the P312* in the first project I managed to identify 2...
  17. Maciamo

    Updated phylogenetic trees of R1b-L21, R1b-DF27 and R1b-U152

    Time for an annual update of the R1b phylogeny. I have made 3 separate trees for these ever-growing subclades of the Celtic and Italic branches of R1b. I hope it's clearer than the older version. You can see larger versions here.
  18. Maciamo

    New map of R1b-ht35 (L23, L51, L11, Z2103)

    Here is a new map showing the Proto-Indo-European R1b, as well Greek and Anatolian branches of Indo-European people, including the Hittites, Lydians, Phrygians and Armenians. The Trojans also probably belonged to this group. This branch of R1b is the first that emerged from the Pontic Steppe and...
  19. Maciamo

    New map of R1b-DF27 (SRY2627 + M153)

    I had been postponing the creation of this map until more data was available, especially for France and Central Europe. But as this could take years, I've decided to make the map anyway and update it later once new studies will be published. So please take it with a pinch of salt. The map is...
  20. Maciamo

    Evidence that the ancient Romans spread R1b-U152 based on Roman colonies in Italy

    I have updated my article on the Genetic History of Italy, adding a section arguing that the Romans were predominantly R1b-U152 (S28) based on the geographic distribution colonies founded by the Roman inside Italy. I have created a map showing the locations of Roman colonies and U152 frequencies.