History Early Middle Ages cemetery in the Eastern Italian Alps

torzio

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In South Tyrol (Eastern Italian Alps), during Late Antiquity-Early Middle Ages, archeological records indi-
cate cultural hybridization among alpine groups and peoples of various origin. Using paleogenomics, we
reconstructed the ancestry of 20 individuals (4th–7th cent. AD) from a cemetery to analyze whether they
had heterogeneous or homogeneous ancestry and to study their social organization. The results revealed
a primary genetic ancestry from southern Europe and additional ancestries from south-western, western,
and northern Europe, suggesting that cultural hybridization was accompanied by complex genetic admix-
ture. Kinship analyses found no genetic relatedness between the only two individuals buried with grave
goods. Instead, a father-son pair was discovered in one multiple grave, together with unrelated individ
uals and one possible non-local female.
 

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