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Thread: Gallic Wars : list of legates and other staff officers in Julius Caesar's army

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    Satyavrata Maciamo's Avatar
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    Post Gallic Wars : list of legates and other staff officers in Julius Caesar's army

    I am currently reading the book series Marius' Mules about the Gallic Wars (first 9 volumes, one book per year) and the Civil War between Caesar and Pompey. It is historical fiction, but written based on Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico. Caesar's book is notoriously tedious to read and author Simon Turney wanted to provide the reader with a more entertaining historical account with adventure, gory battles, camaraderie and humour. It's a great read, although the author is still finding his writing style in the first volume. The main character is fictional (Marcus Falerius Fronto), but most of the others are real.

    I was looking for a list of Caesar's officers and the years each served as legate, but the information is surprisingly hard to come by. For once I found more information in French than in English. Many officers didn't serve for the 9 years of the war (58-50 BCE) and Caesar rarely mentioned which legate was appointed to which legion. Here is a quick summary. I listed the officers by seniority in Caesar's army (first joined, then longest serving on top).

    Name Years served (BCE) Legion Rank (year)
    Titus Labienus 58-50 9th & 10th Legate (58-50)
    Publius Vatinius 58-50 Legate (58-56, 51), Praetor (55)
    Aulus Hirtius 58-50 Legate (58-54)
    Marcus Vitruvius Mamurra 58-50 Praefectus fabrum
    (chief engineer)
    Servius Sulpicius Rufus 58-52 Legate
    Quintus Titurius Sabinus 58-54 (†) 8th Legate (57-54)
    Publius Licinius Crassus 58-56 7th Legate (?)
    Quintus Pedius 58-56 Legate (58-56)
    Gaius Volusenus Quadratus 57-51 12th Tribune (57-53), Legate (52)
    Quintus Tullius Cicero 57-52 Legate (57-52)
    Lucius Aurunculeius Cotta 57-54 (†) 8th Legate
    Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus 56-52 Navy Legate
    Titus Terrasidius 56-55 7th (cavalry) Officer
    Lucius Minucius Basilus 55-52 Legate (?)
    Gaius Trebonius 54-50 Legate (54-50)
    Mark Antony 54-50 Quaestor (52), Legate (51)
    Lucius Munatius Plancus 54-52 Legate
    Marcus Licinius Crassus 54 Quaestor (54)
    Gaius Messius 54 Officer
    Lucius Roscius Fabatus 54 13th Legate (54)
    Quintus Atrius 54 Officer
    Titus Sextius 53-50 ?
    Gaius Volcatius Tullus 53-51 ?
    Gaius Antistius Reginus 53-52 Legate (53-52)
    Marcus Junius Brutus 53 ?
    Gaius Caninius Rebilus 52-50 Tribune (52), Legate (51)
    Lucius Julius Caesar 52 Legate
    Marcus Sempronius Rutilus 52 Legate
    Marcus Aristius 52 Officer
    Quintus Fufius Calenus 51-50 Legate (51-50)
    Gaius Fabius 51 Legate
    Quintus Attius Varus 51 general of the horse
    Publius Ventidius Bassus ? ?

    A few centurions from Caesar's legions in Gaul are even known by name. Lucius Vorenus and Titus Pullo have become famous thanks to their depictions in the HBO series Rome.

    Gaius Crastinus 10th legion Primus Pilus
    Publius Sextius Baculus 12th legion Primus Pilus
    Titus Balventius 8th legion Primus Pilus
    Lucius Vorenus 11th legion (?) Centurion
    Titus Pullo 11th legion (?) Centurion
    Quintus Lucanius Centurion
    Marcus Caesius Scaeva 11th or 12th legion Centurion
    Last edited by Maciamo; 15-06-21 at 14:52.
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