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  1. Maciamo

    Society New migrants and expats to Belgium must take 4-month integration course.

    I tried to find how much immigrants can be fined for not following the integration courses. It seems that in Flanders the fines are between 50 and 500€, while in Wallonia they are up to 2,500€. I could not find the information for Brussels. However not taking the courses and not paying the...
  2. Maciamo

    Society New migrants and expats to Belgium must take 4-month integration course.

    In most countries if you're a foreigner and want to apply for the citizenship of your host country, you need to take a test to prove that you have basic knowledge of the language, society, history and institutions of the country. But Belgium goes one step further. All this is actually a...
  3. Maciamo

    Genetic study Geographic origin, ancestry, and death circumstances at the Cornaux/Les Sauges Iron Age bridge, Switzerland

    I posted from my phone yesterday, but now that I am on my PC here is the summary table of the haplogroups from this study. Note that the COR-7 and COR-8 appear to be the same individual (say the authors), so I removed COR-8. ID Y-DNA haplogroup Y-DNA SNP mtDNA COR-19 E1b1b1a1b1a10a1a1b~...
  4. Maciamo

    Genetic study Geographic origin, ancestry, and death circumstances at the Cornaux/Les Sauges Iron Age bridge, Switzerland

    E-V13 it was already found in two La Tène samples from Hungary (I18527 and I18832) by Patterson et al. 2021. Both were E-BY3880.
  5. Maciamo

    Genetic study Geographic origin, ancestry, and death circumstances at the Cornaux/Les Sauges Iron Age bridge, Switzerland

    La Tène genomes from Switzerland (probably Helveti tribes). 7 Y-DNA haplogroups: one R1b-P312, 4 R1b-U152 > L2, one G2a-L497 > Z1816 and one J2b2a-L283 > PH1602. Very similar haplogroups to the Hallstatt individuals from Baden-Wurttemberg and to the Etruscans.
  6. Maciamo

    Civilization VII

    I have also played the game since Civilization I. My favourite is Civ IV, especially with the Mod 'Realism Invictus'. I was disappointed by the gameplay in Civ V and VI and almost didn't play them as a result. Sid Meier's Colonization is also great.
  7. Maciamo

    Ethics Is it better to set your own moral rules than to follow religious ones?

    I grew up with a Catholic education and began catechism lessons at the age of six. From an early age, I had a keen interest in reasoning and logic, especially when applied to moral rules. This led me to quickly identify what I saw as flaws in the moral system being taught to me. Throughout my...
  8. Maciamo

    Do Sub-Saharan African countries have a better quality of life than the West in the 1950s?

    There are plenty of mega projects underway in Africa at the moment. Here is a video that shows some of them. Some countries have many impressive projects of their own, notably Ethiopia and Kenya.
  9. Maciamo

    Do Sub-Saharan African countries have a better quality of life than the West in the 1950s?

    Abidjan in Ivory Coast is soon going to have one of the tallest skyscrapers in the world. Tour F, which will be completed next year and will house mostly offices, will reach a height of 400 m. It will be taller than any other building in Africa, Latin America, Oceania, or Europe (except for one...
  10. Maciamo

    Villanovan, Etruscan, Tarquinian & Latin DNA

    It was already posted last week here.
  11. Maciamo

    New Felsina Etruscan Paper by Zaro et alia 2024

    I double checked it and it looks like you're right. The ancient Trojans, particularly those associated with the Late Bronze Age site of Troy (Hissarlik), were part of the extensive trade networks of the eastern Mediterranean, which connected the Aegean, Anatolia, Cyprus, the Levant, and Egypt...
  12. Maciamo

    Evidence for dynastic succession among early Celtic elites in Central Europe

    This study has 35 Hallstatt samples from Baden-Württemberg. There are ten R1b, seven G2a-L497, one I2a-L38 and one J2b2a-L283>Z597 (aka Z628). G2a makes up 37% of the haplogroup, which may seem huge compared to modern Germany, but this study focuses on dynastic successions, so several of them...
  13. Maciamo

    New Felsina Etruscan Paper by Zaro et alia 2024

    You make some valid points about the historicity of the Iliad. But excavations at the site of Troy by Heinrich Schliemann and others have uncovered evidence of a city that was destroyed around the time traditionally associated with the Trojan War, adding some credibility to the story. You...
  14. Maciamo

    New Felsina Etruscan Paper by Zaro et alia 2024

    If the story of Aeneas and the Trojans escaping the fall of Troy and founding Alba Longa in the Latium is true, then I would imagine that they were mostly R1b-Z2103. That's because the Trojans were in Indo-Europeans most probably related to the ancient Greeks, Thracians, Phrygians, etc. Besides...
  15. Maciamo

    New Felsina Etruscan Paper by Zaro et alia 2024

    Thanks for clarifying this. I haven't had time to check the paper yet.
  16. Maciamo

    New Felsina Etruscan Paper by Zaro et alia 2024

    I agree. L70, and more specifically its Z435 subclade, is the branch of J2 that I predicted would be found among ancient Romans/Latins/Etruscans in my genetic history of the Italians in 2013. If I'm not mistaken this is the first Etruscan J2a1 sample. There has been a few J2b before though.
  17. Maciamo

    Economy European & global economy: who is getting richer ?

    Last August I posted a list of GDP growth by country from 2013 to 2023. Someone made a map of the GDP growth from 2000 to 2022. Ireland still comes on top with a staggering +457% growth, followed by Malta (+312%), Lithuania (+291%), Romania (+286%), and Poland (+264%). The slowest economic...
  18. Maciamo

    Users requesting to be banned

    Yes, he asked to be banned. I tried to dissuade him and explain that he could not create a new account later as new registrations are not allowed anymore, but he insisted. I don't know why. If he didn't want to participate anymore he could just have left without requesting to be banned.
  19. Maciamo

    Could muonium change life as we know it?

    Yes, it can bind with other atoms just like hydrogen. It's not clear if that would make it more stable. There is so little muonium on Earth that more research is needed.
  20. Maciamo

    Could muonium change life as we know it?

    Meet muonium, a variant of hydrogen that substitutes the proton in its core for a lighter muon. I doubt that a lot of people know about it so please watch the video. According to chatGPT, muonium can form chemical bonds with other elements similar to hydrogen, creating muonium analogs of...
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