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  1. Tautalus

    Genetic study The Genetic History of the South Caucasus from the Bronze to the Early Middle Ages: 5000 years of genetic continuity despite high mobility

    Comparison of Y-chromosome and mtDNA haplogroup distribution in early periods (Early Bronze Age to Iron Age II) and late periods (Early Antique to Early Middle Ages) of the time transect. Haplogroups Detail ID Genetic_Sex Archaeological/Historical Period Y_Haplogroup MT_Haplogroup TSV006...
  2. Tautalus

    Genetic study The Genetic History of the South Caucasus from the Bronze to the Early Middle Ages: 5000 years of genetic continuity despite high mobility

    Abstract Archaeological and archaeogenetic studies have highlighted the pivotal role of the Caucasus region throughout prehistory, serving as a central hub for cultural, technological, and linguistic innovations. However, despite its dynamic history, the critical area between the Greater and...
  3. Tautalus

    Widespread horse-based mobility arose around 2,200 BCE in Eurasia

    After analysing the DNA from 475 ancient horses, the data suggest that horses (the domestic horse as we know today) were domesticated later than previously thought, about 4,200 years ago. This implies that the Yamnaya did not migrate on horseback, because the horses genes didn’t begin to...
  4. Tautalus

    Phenotypes of the Portuguese

    We are here exchanging arguments, based on our largely subjective opinions, and we are not going to get anywhere. Instead, we can check scientific studies on the subject. Skin color, beyond the genetic factors involved, is highly correlated with latitude and the distribution of ultraviolet...
  5. Tautalus

    Phenotypes of the Portuguese

    Darkest pigmented ? What does that even mean ? That they all have olive completion ? Because that is not true. There are Portuguese with an olive completion, but they are far from being the majority. I think you have a preconceived idea of their phenotype, I wonder if you have ever been to...
  6. Tautalus

    Phenotypes of the Portuguese

    The Portuguese phenotype is diverse in terms of skin pigmentation, hair and eye color. In terms of skin pigmentation, it ranges from olive to fair skin. In terms of hair color, it ranges from black hair to blond and even redhead. In terms of eye color, it ranges from dark brown to hazel, blue...
  7. Tautalus

    Genetic study Palaeogenomic insights into the origins of early settlers on the island of Cyprus

    From the Supplementary Information. "In terms of paternal ancestry, two out of three analysed Cypro-LPPNB farmers were assigned to Y-haplogroup H2 (H-P96). The third was preliminary assigned to macrohaplogroup F due to low coverage and is excluded hereafter. From the ancient samples analysed in...
  8. Tautalus

    Genetic study Palaeogenomic insights into the origins of early settlers on the island of Cyprus

    Abstract Archaeological evidence supports sporadic seafaring visits to the Eastern Mediterranean island of Cyprus by Epipaleolithic hunter-gatherers over 12,000 years ago, followed by permanent settlements during the early Neolithic. The geographical origins of these early seafarers have so far...
  9. Tautalus

    Network of large pedigrees reveals social practices of Avar communities

    Link for the article in Nature. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-024-07312-4 Frequency of the Y-chromosome and mtDNA haplogroups in the four Avar sites. The four sites are dominated by one predominant Y-chromosome lineage (or two in case of RK) and the remaining ones are mostly restricted...
  10. Tautalus

    AI - The future of human-device interaction

    Yes, some guy managed to install the R1 launcher apk on a Pixel phone and discovered that the device ran an Android OS, the AOSP (Android Open Source Project). Basically the Rabbit R1 is an Android app. It's a premature end for the device.
  11. Tautalus

    Beethoven's DNA

    A new analysis of Beethoven’s DNA reveals that lead poisoning could have caused his deafness. https://www.openculture.com/2024/05/a-new-analysis-of-beethovens-dna-reveals-that-lead-poisoning-could-have-caused-his-deafness.html
  12. Tautalus

    Genetic study The Genetic Origin of the Indo-Europeans

    Even at a linguistic level, it is more difficult to maintain that PIA/PIE could have had as primary source the Caucasus, through the CHG component. The autochthonous language families of the Caucasus, the Northwest Caucasian family, the Northeast Caucasian family and the South Caucasian (or...
  13. Tautalus

    Y-DNA of Iberians or descendants of recent Iberians

    Yes, you need to take the mtDNA test. Its a FASTA file and and it can be downloaded from the mtDNA Mutations page, in the lower right corner there is a orange FASTA button. This is the information Yfull has about your maternal haplogroup : https://www.yfull.com/mtree/H2a2a1/
  14. Tautalus

    Y-DNA of Iberians or descendants of recent Iberians

    Kirgonix, for the BAM file you have to pay €93 ($100), plus €45 for the Yfull service. I uploaded my data to Yfull, and I was assigned the same terminal branch. One of the advantages of Yfull is that you can find matches who may come from different companies, from FTDna, Nebula, etc…, like...
  15. Tautalus

    Genetic study The Genetic Origin of the Indo-Europeans

    The study enumerates the different competing hypotheses of Indo-Anatolian and Indo-European languages origins. It states about one of the hypotheses: “Hypothesis A-East has fewer difficulties from the genetic point of view, as it requires only one dilution of steppe ancestry: between the steppe...
  16. Tautalus

    Genetic study The Genetic Origin of the Indo-Europeans

    Moesan is right, it is a cline, a continuum with various gradients between different populations. In this case between Aknashen and BPgroup, (“Berezhnovka-2-Progress-2 cluster”) a people that had a mixture of EHG, CHG, and Siberian/Central Asian Neolithic ancestries. More specifically the...
  17. Tautalus

    Genetic study The Genetic Origin of the Indo-Europeans

    This study it's a nail in the coffin of Heggarty's hybrid model for the origin of IE languages. All Indo-European languages are considered to be steppe-mediated and not to have originated in the South Caucasus.. A population from the CLV gradient migrated south and then west to Anatolia around...
  18. Tautalus

    Genetic study The Persian plateau served as hub for Homo sapiens after the main out of Africa dispersal

    Skhūl V's skull is estimated to be between 120,000 and 80,000 years old. The initial time frame of the Hub study is between ~70–60 to 45 kya, so there is a significant temporal difference. Also there is doubt as to whether the Skhūl hominids are partially of Neanderthal descent or whether they...
  19. Tautalus

    Genetic study The Persian plateau served as hub for Homo sapiens after the main out of Africa dispersal

    The people inhabiting the hub were homo sapiens sapiens, they were anatomically modern. They were not the archaic humans pictured on the article that you indicate.
  20. Tautalus

    Climate change Snowballing effect of global warming might cause the end of civilisation as we know it as early as 2030

    There are no signs of a slowdown in greenhouse gas emissions in 2023. According to data from NOAA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration from the USA, greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide CO2, methane and nitrous oxide) continued to climb in 2023. For example, human-caused CO2...
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